Arnold C. Schultz - Ephesus

Ephesus in Turkey was an ancient Greek city built in the 10th century BCE on what may have been the Arzawan capital. The city was famous for its Temple of Artemis, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The city also contained the Library of Celsus, that was built as a tomb to Celsus and to house 12.000 scrolls, and a large theatre.

Today Ephesus is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The site of Ephesus has been inhabited from the Bronze Age, but during the period of Greek migrations the Attic-Ionian colony Ephesus was created. It grew, flourished and changed during the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods, until it was abandoned in the 15th century.

The first archaeological excavations at the site took place in 1863 until 1874 by architect John Turtle Wood for the British Museum. Financed by the Austrian Karl Mautner Ritter von Markhof, Otto Benndorf excavated the site from 1895, and established the Austrian Archaeological Institute in 1898. Since then, Austria has been working on excavating the site of Ephesus.

The Schultz pictures of Ephesus have not been dated. The pictures in the collection that were dated were taken in the late sixties to the early seventies, which indicate the Ephesus pictures could possibly have been taken during that time period.

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